How to Stop & Prevent Periodontal Disease in Dogs

by admin
0 comment

Periodontal Disease in Dogs

Periodontitis is also referred to as gum disease or periodontal disease, is a kind of bacteria that can infect your dog’s mouth and cause a range of oral health problems. Dogs with early-stage periodontal disease don’t typically show any symptoms. 

When the periodontal disease advances to later stages, most dogs begin to experience painful and problematic symptoms, including tooth loss, gum erosion, chronic pain, or even bone loss as the teeth’s supporting structures weaken or are lost. 

Signs of Periodontal Disease in Dogs 

Most dogs display minor or even no signs of periodontal disease when this condition is in its early stages. However, if your dog is suffering from advanced stage periodontal disease, you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Discolored teeth (yellow or brown)
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Excessive drooling 
  • Irritability 
  • Reduced appetite 
  • Problems keeping food in the mouth 
  • Blood on chew toys or in the water bowl 
  • Loose or missing teeth 
  • Bloody or “ropey” saliva
  • Weight loss 
  • Inflamed or bleeding gums 
  • Favoring one side of the mouth when chewing 

Periodontal disease is a serious health concern for all dogs. Once the disease reaches the advanced stages your canine companion could be experiencing significant chronic pain, but that’s not all.

The bacteria associated with periodontal disease can also travel throughout your pet’s body, potentially causing problems with major organs and leading to serious medical issues such as heart disease.

Treatment for Dogs With Periodontal Disease

If your pup is suffering from periodontal disease symptoms your vet might suggest a professional cleaning or other treatments depending on the severity of your dog’s oral health condition.

The cost of your dog’s dental care will vary depending on the treatment needed and the individual vet.

For your vet to conduct a comprehensive examination of your dog’s teeth and gums, as well as any treatments necessary, they will need to use anesthesia. (Pre-anesthesia blood work is also an important step to determine whether your pet is healthy enough for anesthesia medications).

Dental procedures for dogs typically include:

  • Pre-anesthesia blood work
  • Dental radiographs (X-rays)
  • Endotracheal intubation, inhaled anesthetic, and oxygen
  • Anesthesia monitoring
  • IV catheter and IV fluids
  • Circulating warm air to ensure the patient remains warm while under anesthesia
  • Scaling, polishing, and lavage of gingival areas
  • Pain medication during and post-procedure
  • Extractions as required

Preventing Periodontal Disease In Dogs

Many pet parents want to know how they can prevent periodontal disease in dogs. Prevention is relatively easy, simply by caring for your dog’s oral health, similar to how you would care for your own, you may be able to prevent your dog from developing periodontal disease.

Right from when your pup is young, be sure to pay close attention to your dog’s oral health. Like people, dogs need regular dental appointments to keep their oral hygiene in check and to identify any trouble spots before more serious issues develop.

Your dog should see the vet at least once a year for an oral health examination and cleaning. Regular dental appointments for your dog provide you with an opportunity to speak to your vet about any concerns you may have about your pup’s teeth or overall health.

To prevent problems from taking hold between appointments brush your dog’s teeth daily to remove plaque and prevent bacteria from forming. You may also want to offer your dog specially formulated dental chews and dog food, as well as specially designed toys to help address dental disease and reduce the buildup of tartar.

If your canine friend displays symptoms of periodontal disease such as swollen or inflamed gums, appetite changes, or missing teeth, book an appointment with your vet as soon as possible.

You may also like

Leave a Comment